Constitution

The Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted on December 12, 1993.

The new constitution came into force on December 25, 1993, at the moment of its official publication.

The adoption of the 1993 Constitution marked the beginning of a new era in the history of Russian statehood.

The Constitution forms the country’s legal foundation, proclaims the President of the Russian Federation the head of state and lays upon him the responsibility for defending the Constitution, human rights and civil liberties, safeguarding Russia’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, and ensuring the coordinated functioning and cooperation of the state bodies of power.

CONTENTS

Preamble

First Section

Chapter 1.

The Fundamentals of the Constitutional System

(articles 1-16)

Chapter 2.

Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen

(articles 17-64)

Chapter 3.

The Federal Structure

(articles 65-79)

Chapter 4.

The President of the Russian Federation

(articles 80-93)

Chapter 5.

The Federal Assembly

(articles 94-109)

Chapter 6.

The Government of the Russian Federation

(articles 110-117)

Chapter 7.

Judicial Power

(articles 118-129)

Chapter 8.

Local Self-government

(articles 130-133)

Chapter 9.

Constitutional Amendments and Review of the Constitution

(articles 134-137)

Second Section

Concluding and Transitional Provisions

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